click and download the calendar of the events
VKHUTEMAS-The Origins of Russian
architectural projects from the collection of Museum
of MARCHI 1920-1930, exhibition
Archivio di Stato, Florence from 22nd
January to 22nd February 2005
Museo del MARCHI, Moscow Architectural Institute
CSA, Center of Contemporary Architecture, Russia
Fondazione Romualdo Del Bianco
Faculty of Architecture, Univesity of Florence
Comune di Firenze, Assessorato alle Relazioni Internazionali
Archivio di Stato di Firenze
Viva Hotels, ART in our heART
With the support of
Ford Foundation, Moscow
– A MESSAGE TO THE 21ST CENTURY
The Russian architectural avant guarde of the 1920s – the 1930s
is one of the bright art phenomena of the 20th century. Together
with the French rationalism, German and Dutch functionalism it is
a turning point in the historical development of the world architectural
process, having expressed in unusual forms utopian ideas of the
future subject world, a new way of life, of the environment of a
new Utopia. Much less is known about the school of the VKHUTEMAS,
than about the Bauhaus – the allied educational institute though
their lives, purposes and ideals coincide up to incredibility. The
generators of a new aesthetics born by the social revolution and
victims of totalitarianism, they were that boiler where the new
architecture was smelted. The heritage of the Bauhaus has been investigated
thoroughly. The knowledge of the VKHUTEMAS is far from being exhausted.
The Moscow Architectural Institute is an heir of the VKHUTEMAS traditions.
The MARCHI Museum has been collecting a unique collection of educational
and design works by teachers and students of the VKHUTEMAS for fifteen
years. The vanguard ideology of the VKHUTEMAS was reflected in exhibitions
of that time. At the well known international exhibition in Paris
in 1925 (in the pavilion designed by K. Melnikov) students’ works,
executed under N. Ladovsky and V. Krinsky, were awarded Grand prix.
The «First exhibition of contemporary architecture» took place in
Moscow in 1927 (in the building of the VKHUTEMAS). Architectural
higher schools and leading architects of the European countries
who have offered their vision of architectural avant guarde took
part in it, having formed thus «a united front of modern architecture.
The first prize was received by the architects Vesnin brothers –
teachers of the VKHUTEMAS for the project of a Palace of Labour
,the second prize by the student of the VKHUTEMAS I. Leonidov for
his diploma work «Lenin Institute». After the VKHUTEMAS was shut
down educational works were not exposed for a long time. During
the last decades they began to be exhibited at such prestigious
international exhibitions, as «Moscow –Paris» (1986), «Moscow –
Berlin» (1996). «The VKHUTEMAS: sources of the Russian avantguarde»
is the first exhibition representing the VKHUTEMAS and its architectural
faculty abroad. I hope, you will receive some new knowledge of the
heroic period in the history of arts of Russia, and maybe of the
whole world, will feel the burning breath of the epoch full of hopes
and expectations of the time in which we live today. And welcome
to the space of the VKHUTEMAS!
President of the MARCHI,
President of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Building Science
V. Kolpakova. G. Klutsis's workshop Colour Solution for an Architectural
I. Golosov. Pavilion of the Far East. All-Russian Agricultural,
Handicraft and Industrial Exhibition. 1923.
A. Zal'tsman. A. Vesnin's workshop. Movie Studio. Last course project.
Students of the VKHUTEMAS at the demonstration.1922.